Description: A fine example of Athanasius Kircher's 1665 map of southern Africa. The map covers Africa roughly from the Congo south to the Cape of Good Hope, including the Island of Madagascar. Cartographically the map is primitive, even for its time, but Sofala (Zofala) is noted as are the two large lakes at the upper border of the map which represent Ptolemy's semi-apocryphal sources of the White Nile. This is one of several maps prepared by Kircher to illustrate his unique hydro-geographic theory.Kircher hypothesized that tides and currents are caused by water moving to and from a massive subterranean ocean. Kircher further postulated that water entered and exited the subterranean ocean via a number of great abysses situated around the globe. In addition, he believed that massive underground lakes lay beneath most of the world's great mountain ranges âÃÃ¬ one such lake is apparent here and the obvious centerpiece of the map. The two openings of these fountains have no issue in the plain on top of the mountain but flow from the root of it. The second fountain lies about a stone-cast west from the first: the inhabitants say that this whole mountain is full of water and add that the whole plain about the fountain is floating and unsteady, a certain mark that there is water concealed under it. Of course, Paez was referring to the source of the Blue Nile, later discovered by Bruce in Ethiopia, far to the north of this map's coverage.
Although Kircher's theories were revolutionary at the time, they seem simplistic, even ridiculous to us today. Nonetheless, Kircher's maps were among the first thematic maps to attempt to scientifically illustrate and explain global geological and oceanographic phenomena. This map was issued to accompany the 1665 edition of Kircher's Mundus Subterranous.
Size: Printed area measures 14 inches high by 16.5 inches wide. If your address is a P. DHL International EXPRESS (45 USD). We can use your Federal Express Account. Duty varies by country and we cannot predict the amount you will be charged.
Some countries are duty free, others are not. Additional Services Conservation Framing Services: Geographicus recommends basic conservation framing services for any antique paper.
We do not offer this service. Antique Map Restoration Services: Geographicus can repair and restore your antique map. Services include deacidification cleaning flattening and backing. The item "1665 Kircher Map of Southern Africa" is in sale since Saturday, May 19, 2018.
This item is in the category "Antiques\Maps, Atlases & Globes\Africa Maps". The seller is "geographicusmaps" and is located in 11221.This item can be shipped worldwide.