Carte de la Rivière de Kalbar. 36.5 cm x 21 cm copperplate engraving, 39.5 cm x 25 sheet size, Paris, 1747. We are pleased to offer this scarce example of a chart compiled by the esteemed geographer Jacques-Nicolas Bellin. And environs on the Guinea Coast of West Africa near what is now the border between Nigeria and Cameroon from a chart "Drawn very exactly on the spot in the year 1699 by several pilots jointly" as the cartouche informs.
This is a reference to the 1699 voyage of Jacques Barbot & John Grazilhier - at that time the delta port of New Calabar was the only port in the Bight of Biafra to which European slave trading vessels paid regular visits throughout the 17th century, a period where as historian Charles Rappleye has observed: In the West Indies in particular, but also in North and South America, slavery was the engine that drove the mercantile empires of Europe. The institution was as old as time - finding explicit sanction in the Bible, and in the glory days of Greece and Rome - and had flourished, in its modern form, for two hundred years. It appeared, in the eighteenth century, as universal and immutable as human nature... Whose work to eradicate human trafficking in the present day with a special focus on the desperate conditions in parts of Africa faces enormous challenges. The conditions at New Calabar for slaves bound for the New World were unspeakable, and as one scholar as noted the trade trived with Africans from this port because they had better immunity to tropical diseases than either Amerindians or Europeans, they were readily available and relatively inexpensive, and their cultural distinctiveness helped Europeans to contrive racial justifications for their enslavement.
Condition - Please note carefully: Chart is in very good condition as can be ascertained from photos, strong impression with distinct platemark, image area essentially pristine, high quality laid paper, two vertical folds as issued, close trim to left margin just outside neatline, no text on verso, minor soft creasing lower right corner. Welcome and we encourage you to visit our other auctions. Such charges are typically collected by the courier, e. Personal cheques will not be accepted. In response to frequent inquiries, please be advised that the terms.
An image printed on a sheet of paper, and that all such items are unconditionally guaranteed to be original and authentic - we never offer reproductions. We conduct our business in accordance with the Code of Ethics. Some to beautify their halls, parlours and chambers...Maps begin as dreams, pass through a finite life in the world, and resume as dreams again.. Maps and Atlases Globes and Planetaria Historic Town Views and Plans Engravings, Woodcuts and Lithographs Books and Ephemera Scientific Instruments Curiosities and Oddities. The item "1747 (1699) Bellin (Barbot) Chart CALABAR Environs Guinea Coast SLAVE TRADE Map" is in sale since Friday, March 8, 2013. This item is in the category "Antiques\Maps, Atlases & Globes\Africa Maps". The seller is "regiomontanus" and is located in Indianapolis, Indiana. This item can be shipped to United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, South Korea, Indonesia, Taiwan, South africa, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi arabia, Ukraine, United arab emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, Croatia, Malaysia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa rica, Dominican republic, Panama, Trinidad and tobago, Guatemala, El salvador, Honduras, Jamaica, China, Thailand, Antigua and barbuda, Aruba, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Saint kitts and nevis, Saint lucia, Montserrat, Turks and caicos islands, Barbados, Bangladesh, Bermuda, Brunei darussalam, Bolivia, Ecuador, Egypt, French guiana, Guernsey, Gibraltar, Guadeloupe, Iceland, Jersey, Jordan, Cambodia, Cayman islands, Liechtenstein, Sri lanka, Luxembourg, Monaco, Macao, Martinique, Maldives, Nicaragua, Oman, Peru, Pakistan, Paraguay, Reunion, Bahamas, Viet nam, Uruguay, Russian federation.