1786 Desnos and de la Tour Map of Africa. WE SELL ONLY ORIGINAL ANTIQUE MAPS - NOT REPRODUCTIONS. Title: L'Afrique Dressee pour l'etude de la Geographie. Description: This is an attractive example of the 1786 map of Africa by French cartographer Louis Brion de la Tour.
The map covers the entire continent of Africa as well as the island of Madagascar in considerable detail. Like most 18th century maps of Africa, the present example is rife with speculation regarding the largely unexplored interior. The well-mapped parts of the continent are limited to the Mediterranean Coast, Morocco, the Senegambia, the Congo, South Africa, the Kingdom of Monomatapa, Abyssinia, and Egypt.Morocco, Egypt, and the southern Mediterranean Coast (Barbary) were well known to Europeans since antiquity and the accurate mapping of these regions reflects continual contact. Further south the colonial enclaves along the Niger River (Senegal and Gambia), the Congo River, and South Africa reflect considerable detail associated with European penetration by traders and missionaries. The land of Monomopota around the Zambezi River was explored early in the 16th century by the Portuguese in hopes that the legendary gold mines supposedly found there would counterbalance the wealth flowing into Spain from the New Word.
Unfortunately these mines, often associated with the Biblical kingdom of Ophir, were mostly tapped out by the 15th century. Abyssinia (modern day Ethiopia) was mapped in detail by early Italian missionaries and of considerable interest to Europeans first, because it was (and is) predominantly Christian; second, because it was a powerful well-organized and unified kingdom; and third because the sources of the Blue Nile were to be found here. The remainder of the continent remained largely speculative though the cartographer rarely lets his imagination get the upper hand.He does however follow the well-established Ptolemaic model laid down in the Geographica regarding the sources of the White Nile âÃÃ¬ here seen as two lakes at the base of the semi-apocryphal Mountains of the Moon. However, he also presents a curious network of interconnected rivers extending westward from the confused course of the White Nile following the popular 18th century speculation that the Nile may be connected to the Niger. To his credit he does not advocate this and offers no true commerce between the two river systems. Lake Malawi appears in a long thin embryonic state that, though it had not yet been'discovered,' is remarkably accurate to form. Lake Malawi was not officially discovered until Portuguese trader Candido Jose da Costa Cardoso stumbled upon it in 1849 âÃÃ¬ almost one hundred years following the presentation of the lake here. The inclusion of Lake Malawi is most likely a prescient interpretation of indigenous reports brought to Europe by 17th century Portuguese traders. Its form would be followed by subsequent cartographers well into the mid-19th century when the explorations of John Hanning Speke, David Livingstone, Richard Francis Burton and others would at last yield a detailed study of Africa's interior. A beautifully engraved title cartouche adorns the top right quadrant of the map. Sailing ships decorate the oceans. To the left and right of the map are paste downs of French text with remarks and description of the map. Surrounding the whole is an elaborate decorative border featuring floral arrangements, surveying tools, elaborate baroque scalloping, and a winged globe.
This map was issued as plate no. 45 in the most deluxe edition of DesnosâÃÃ´ 1786 Atlas General Methodique et Elementaire, Pour lâÃÃ´Etude de la Geographie et de lâÃÃ´Histoire Moderne. Size: Printed area measures 14.5 inches high by 21 inches wide.Minor toning along original centerfold. If your address is a P. Duty varies by country and we cannot predict the amount you will be charged. Some countries are duty free, others are not. Other Services Conservation Framing: Geographicus recommends basic conservation framing services for any antique paper.
We do not offer this service. Antique Map Restoration: Geographicus can repair and restore your antique map. Services include deacidification cleaning flattening and backing. The item "1786 Desnos and de la Tour Map of Africa" is in sale since Thursday, May 9, 2019. This item is in the category "Antiques\Maps, Atlases & Globes\Africa Maps".The seller is "geographicusmaps" and is located in 11221. This item can be shipped worldwide.