Antique Map Africa

1525 Laurent Fries Antique Map NE Africa Red Sea, Egypt, Nile River Delta, Libya

1525 Laurent Fries Antique Map NE Africa Red Sea, Egypt, Nile River Delta, Libya
1525 Laurent Fries Antique Map NE Africa Red Sea, Egypt, Nile River Delta, Libya
1525 Laurent Fries Antique Map NE Africa Red Sea, Egypt, Nile River Delta, Libya

1525 Laurent Fries Antique Map NE Africa Red Sea, Egypt, Nile River Delta, Libya

Fries, Laurent 1485 - 1532. 22 1/2in x 16 1/2in (565mm x 420mm).

This rare very early original wood-block engraved antique Ptolemaic map of North East Africa from The Red Sea, Egypt, The Nile Delta & Libya by Laurent Fries was published by in the 1525 Strasbourg edition of Ptolemys Geographia Striking early map of North Africa and Egypt, from the Red Sea, the Nile and Egypt to the Gulf of Libya. Extends up rivers along the Nile to Aden. Latin text and elaborate decorations on the verso.

A nice example, from the 1525 edition of Fries Atlas. First published in Strasbourg by Johannes Gruninger in 1522, Fries map is based upon Waldseemullers map of 1513. Lorenz (Laurent) Fries was born in Alsace in about 1490. He studied medicine, apparently spending time at the universities of Pavia, Piacenza, Montpellier and Vienna.

After completing his education, Fries worked as a physician in several places, before settling in Strassburg, in about 1519. While n Strassburg, Fries met the Strasbourg printer and publisher Johann Grüninger, an associate of the St. Die group of scholars formed by, among others, Walter Lud, Martin Ringmann and Martin Waldseemuller. From 1520 to 1525, Fries worked with Gruninger as a cartographic editor, exploiting the corpus of material that Waldseemuller had created.

Fries first venture into mapmaking was in 1520, when he executed a reduction of Martin Waldseemullers wall-map of the World, published in 1507. While it would appear that Fries was the editor of the map, credit is actually given in the title to Peter Apian.

The map, Tipus Orbis Universalis Iuxta Ptolomei Cosmographi Traditionem Et America Vespucii Aliorque Lustrationes A Petro Apiano Leysnico Elucubrat. O Dni MDXX, and was issued in Caius Julius Solinus Enarrationes, edited by Camers, and published in Vienna in 1520. Fries next project that Fries was a new edition of the Geographia of Claudius Ptolemy, which was published by Johann Koberger in 1522. Fries evidently edited the maps, in most cases simply producing a reduction of the equivalent map from Waldseemullers 1513 edition of the Geographie Opus Novissima, printed by Johann Schott.

Fries also prepare three new maps for the Geographie: maps of South-East Asia and the East Indies, China and the World, but the geography of these derives from Waldseemullers world map of 1507. The 1522 edition of Fries work is very rare, suggesting that the work was not commercially successful. In 1525, an improved edition was issued, with a re-edit of the text by Wilibald Pirkheimer, from the notes of Johannes Regiomontanus.

Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy and stable Paper color : - off white Age of map color: - Colors used: - General color appearance: - Paper size: - 22 1/2in x 16 1/2in (565mm x 420mm) Plate size: - 18 1/2in x 12 1/2in (475mm x 320mm) Margins: - Min 1 1/2in (20mm). Margins: - None Plate area: - Light soiling along centerfold Verso: - None. Background: Claude Ptolemy - a Greek mathematician, astronomer and geographer, living in Alexandria, assembled and codified his predecessors\' cartographic theories including those of Strabo & Marinus of Tyre c. AD 120 to whom he was especially indebted.

In about AD 150 he published his Geographia, a work in 8 volumes, supposedly illustrated with a world map, 26 regional maps and a profusion of smaller maps. Although the text of the Geographia survived, no maps older than about the twelfth century have come down to us and, in consequence, we have no means of knowing whether the \'Ptolemy\' maps on which we set so much store were, in fact, drawn by him or were the interpretations of later map makers using his text as a basis. In Europe the initial awakening of interest in geography arose from the revival of knowledge of Ptolemy\'s Geographia soon after the year 1400. Greek manuscript copies made in the twelfth to fourteenth centuries were brought by scholars to Italy from Constantinople and were subsequently translated into Latin and widely studied. This work coincided with, and was much influenced by, the development of printing techniques, particularly, of course, by the invention of movable-type printing by Gutenberg about 1450, which made possible for the first time the production of printed books in quantity.

Apart from this factor, other more far-reaching influences were compelling the peoples of Western Europe to look beyond the horizon they had known for so many centuries. With the conquest of Constantinople in 1453 the Turks effectively closed Europe\'s trade routes to the East and shut off access to traditional sources of luxuries and precious metals from Asia and, above all, denied the supply of the spices which had become so important in the lives of ordinary people.

Other factors often based on long-believed myths and legends added to the urge to break out into the unknown world. The interpretation of Ptolemy\'s text began mainly with the Italians Angelus, Beroaldus & Vadius in 1477 and was re-interpreted and re-issued by many over the next century by the likes Waldseemuller 1513, Gastaldi 1548, Mercator 1578 & Magini 1596. Fries, Laurent 1485 - 1532 Fries was a French physician and mathematician born in Mulhouse, Germany. He was instrumental in publishing four edition of the Claude Ptolemy Atlas, from text, in 1522 reissued in 1525 which resulted in two further editions, after his death, in 1535 and 1541.

After having successfully completed his education Fries established himself as a physician in the Alsace region and after a short spell in Switzerland, settled in Strasbourg in 1519. By this time, he had also established a reputation as a writer of medical publications. It was through these publications that Fries met the Strasbourg printer and publisher Johann Grüninger. Gruninger was associated with a group of scholars including, Walter Lud, Martin Ringmann and Martin Waldseemuller.

By the time they met, Gruninger was responsible for printing several of the maps prepared by Waldseemuller for the 1513 edition of Ptolemy. This meeting was an important digression into Fries\' life. From about 1520 to about 1525, he worked in some capacity as a cartographic editor for or with Gruninger, exploiting the copious amount of material that Waldseemuller had created. Fries\' first venture into map-making was in 1520 helping to produce a reduced version of Waldseemuller\'s 1507 Ptolemaic World map, which bore Fries monogram. There is no evidence of Fries being the engraver either, which might have offered an alternative explanation for the appearance of his monogram.

The two other monograms that appear are of Johann Camers, editor of the book containing the map, and Luca Alantse, the publisher. The map is entitled Tipus Orbis Universalis Iuxta Ptolomei Cosmographi Traditionem Et Americ Vespucii Aliorque Lustrationes A Petro Apiano Leysnico Elucubrat. O Dni MDXX and was issued in Caius Julius Solinus\' Enarrationes , edited by Camers, published in Vienna in 1520. In view of Fries\' connection with Gruninger, it seems likely that the map was cut in Grüninger\'s workshop. In 1522 Fries and Gruninger worked on a new edition of Geographia which was published by Johann Koberger.

Here again, Fries evidently edited the maps reducing maps from the 1513 edition of the Geographie Opus Novissima, printed by Johann Schott. Fries also prepare three new maps for this publication, South-East Asia & the East Indies, China and the World. Again though, the geography for the three maps, were derived from Waldseemuller\'s 1507 world map.

Karrow noted \Grüninger had high hopes for this edition, one of the grandest publications from his press, in a period when it was not known for producing grand books. The edition suffered, however, from a great many textual errors...

\ In fact, the comparative rarity of the 1522 edition would actually seem to suggest the opposite - that the edition was not well received, and that sales were poor. The new edition was ready in 1525. As Karrow notes, the press-work was not of a high standard, and Pirckheimer was generally dissatisfied with the finished book. These two editions were edited by Michael Servetus (or Villanovus), a Spanish doctor resident in Lyons. In those difficult times, Servetus was accused of heresy.

One piece of evidence used against him was a passage on the reverse of the modern map of the Holy Land, which said that \"Palestine was not such a fertile land as was generally believed, since modern travellers reported it barren\". Unfortunately, this not Servetus\' original view, but was a passage repeated from the 1522 edition.

This charge seems to have counted against Servetus for, when he was burnt at the stake, Calvin ordered that copies of the book should be burnt with him. This has often been cited as a justification to describe examples of the 1535 and 1541 editions as the rarest of the four. However, it should be remembered that Servetus was executed in 1553, twelve years after publication of the final edition, so images of the entire print-run being destroyed are exaggerated.

In fact, the 1535 and 1541 editions are the two editions most commonly encountered, both in libraries and on the market, which would suggest the Calvinist authorities may only have burnt a few token copies. Having completed the 1522 edition of Ptolemy, Fries turned his attention to the last of Waldseemuller\'s great cartographic works, his wall-map of the world, published in 1516. Once again, Fries worked on preparing a reduction of that map, although his copy is only slightly smaller than the original. Fries\' version was apparently ready in 1525, but no example of that first printing is known today, although fragments are to be found at Leiden University Library. A complete example of a 1530 printing, bearing the imprint \' Carta Marina Universalis Emendata Et Veritati Resauarat Laurentio Frisio Anno 1530\' is to be found in the Bayerische Staatsbibliotek, Munich , while a 1531 printing was issued by Grüninger\'s son, Christoph.

To accompany the map, Fries prepared a booklet Uslegung der Mercarthen oder Carta Marina... Of which the earliest example known is dated 1525. The existence of other editions, dated 1527 and 1530, may imply parallel editions of the map, but are unknown today. In 1525, Fries was forced to leave Metz. It would seem likely, as his known output is so derivative of Waldseemuller, that the arrangement with Grüninger had reached a natural conclusion.

During the five years, Fries had exhausted the existing body of Waldseemuller\'s works. For whatever reason this departure marked the end of his cartographic work, and he again turned to writing medical text books, which occupied him until his death in 1531 or 1532. What is an Antique Map.

The word Antique in the traditional sense refers to an item that is more than a hundred years old. The majority of antique maps for sale today come from books or atlases and have survived due to the protection offered by the hardback covers. The first thing to determine when staring a collection or purchasing an item, is what is important to you. Most collectors prefer to build their collections around a theme.

You may decide to collect maps from one region or country, charting its development through time. Similarly you could collect maps of one particular period in time, by type i. Sea or celestial charts or by cartographer.

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Pricing is based on a number of different factors, the most important of which is regional. In any series of maps the most valuable are usually the World Map and the America/North America. The World because it is usually the most decorative and America because it has the strongest regional market. Other factors that come into play re: price is rarity, age, size, historical importance, decorative value (colour) and overall condition and quality of paper it is printed on. As specialised dealers, we frequently work with first time map buyers who are just starting their collection. Classical Images was founded 1998 and has built an excellent reputation for supplying high quality original antiquarian maps, historical atlases, antique books and prints. We carry an extensive inventory of antiquarian collectibles from the 15th to 19th century. Our collection typically includes rare books and decorative antique maps and prints by renowned cartographers, authors and engravers.

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1525 Laurent Fries Antique Map NE Africa Red Sea, Egypt, Nile River Delta, Libya